What Uses Lithium Ion Batteries

Share This Post

The Trouble With Ordinary Batteries

How do Lithium-ion Batteries Work?

If you’ve read our main article on batteries, you’ll know abattery is essentially a chemical experiment happening in a smallmetal canister. Connect the two ends of a battery to something like aflashlight and chemical reactions begin: chemicals inside thebattery slowly but systematically break apart and join themselves together to make other chemicals, producing a stream of positivelycharged particles called ions and negatively charged electrons. Theions move through the battery the electrons go through the circuitto which the battery’s connected, providing electrical energy that drives theflashlight. The only trouble is, this chemical reaction canhappen only once and in only one direction: that’s why ordinary batteries usuallycan’t be recharged.

Dot Safety Advisory Notice For Disposal And Recycling Of Lithium Batteries In Commercial Transportation

In May 2022, DOTs Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration issued a Safety Advisory Notice for Disposal and Recycling of Lithium Batteries in Commercial Transportation. The Safety Advisory Notice aims to increase the publics overall awareness about the dangers related to shipping lithium batteries for recycling or disposal. The Safety Advisory Notice:

  • Highlights the essential hazmat regulatory information needed to ship lithium batteries in commercial transportation for recycling and disposal.
  • Discusses the general dangers of shipping lithium batteries, what consumers should do, and steps shippers and carriers need to take when disposing and recycling lithium batteries and equipment/products containing lithium batteries.
  • Directs readers to a variety of additional resources for further information on preparing lithium batteries for shipment.

Industrial Uses For Lithium

Kevin Clemens | Feb 04, 2021

Lithium-ion batteries have real advantages over most other portable electrical power sources when it comes to weight and power density. For this reason, they have become the battery chemistry of choice when power to weight matters in applications such as cell phones, laptop computers, portable electronic devices, and electric vehicles . Other industrial applications that need battery power, particularly stationary systems, are now beginning to switch away from traditional lead-acid batteries to lithium-ion battery systems.

Mitsubishi Electric is one maker of lithium-ion battery-powered uninterruptable power supplies with 1 to 5-megawatt load ranges that are used by data centers and server farms.

Recommended Reading: Iphone Se 2020 Battery Replacement

A Guide To The 6 Main Types Of Lithium Batteries

December 12, 2022 by Dragonfly Energy

Lithium batteries are more popular today than ever before. Youll find them in your cell phone, laptop computer, cordless power tools, and even electric vehicles. However, just because all of these electronics use lithium batteries doesnt mean they use the same type of lithium batteries. Well take a closer look at the six main types of lithium batteries pros and cons, as well as the best applications for each.

Lithium Titanate/ Lithium Titanium Oxide

Nobel prize for chemistry: the lithium

All the above discussed battery types have different cathode materials but the LTOs use âlithium titanateâ as anode whereas LMO or NMC is used as cathode.

  • Uses: Electric vehicles, charging stations, UPS, wind and solar energy storage, street lights, military equipment, aerospace, telecommunication systems.
  • Benefits: Fast charging, wide operating temperatures, long lifespan, very safe.
  • Drawbacks: Low energy density, very expensive.

You May Like: Changing Battery In Lexus Key

Surveillance And Alarm Systems

A hard-wired electricity supply is no longer essential if you want to monitor remote locations, a fleet of vehicles, a temporary location, or various job sites. You can use Li-ion batteries instead to power an alarm or surveillance system in remote or difficult locations with no access to an electrical grid.

The qualities that make Li-ion batteries so useful are their small size, long life, and the fact that they dont lose power by way of self-discharge when the system they power is inactive. The low self-discharge rate of a typical lithium-ion battery is ten times lower than a traditional lead-acid battery. Lithium batteries are the ideal solution if a system is not continually in use.

Portable Power Packs That Eliminate Downtime

Rechargeable lithium batteries are well-known for powering our phones and the latest lightweight laptop computers. Lithium batteries are lighter and smaller than lead-acid batteries. They also tolerate movement and temperature changes, as well as maintain their power delivery during use.

When they do need a charge, lithium batteries recharge much faster than lead-acid batteries. Custom lithium battery options also allow you to transition your existing technology to a longer-lasting and more efficient portable power pack.

Rechargeable lithium batteries are both economical and durable under challenging conditions. When dependable performance is required, lithium batteries offer a safe and long-lasting solution.

Also Check: Ups Battery Backup 24 Hours

Which Is Not The Advantages Of Lithium Ion Battery

The li-ion battery disadvantages include: Protection required: Lithium ion cells and batteries are not as robust as some other rechargeable technologies. They require protection from being over charged and discharged too far. In addition to this, they need to have the current maintained within safe limits.

Golf Carts And Trolleys

Lithium-ion batteries: How do they work?

While lead-acid batteries were the traditional choice for electric vehicle applications like golf carts and trolley makers, more are now choosing lithium batteries. As long as your electric golf trolley uses the same energy connector, you can swap out the lead-acid battery for a lithium-ion battery.

You can expect Li-ion battery systems to have a long cycle life of between 1,000 and 2,000 charging cycles. How long the battery lasts depends on how frequently you play golf and how often you charge the battery.

If you play golf twice a week, thats 2 x 52 weeks = 104 charging cycles per year. This means you can expect a lithium-ion battery to last a minimum of ten years. For more information, read our guide on golf cart batteries.

You May Like: Subaru Keyless Fob Battery Replacement

Viable Alternative To Lead

Because of the nominal 3.2 V output, four cells can be placed in series for a nominal voltage of 12.8 V. This comes close to the nominal voltage of six-cell lead-acid batteries. Along with the good safety characteristics of LFP batteries, this makes LFP a good potential replacement for lead-acid batteries in applications such as automotive and solar applications, provided the charging systems are adapted not to damage the LFP cells through excessive charging voltages , temperature-based voltage compensation, equalisation attempts or continuous trickle charging. The LFP cells must be at least balanced initially before the pack is assembled and a protection system also needs to be implemented to ensure no cell can be discharged below a voltage of 2.5 V or severe damage will occur in most instances, due to irreversible deintercalation of LiFePO4 into FePO4.

Remember To Try To Use Lithium

To get stable performance out of lithium-ion batteries, it is best to use them at room temperature. You may have heard the rumor that they will last longer when cooled, but this is counterproductive because the batterys resistance value increases at low temperatures, increasing the load for charging and discharging. Moreover, cooling may cause condensation on the battery, and the circuits around the battery may short-circuit.

Lithium-ion batteries have various advantages, but it must be said that it is important to use them in ways that make the most of those advantages in order to get good performance for a long time.

Recommended Reading: Changing Battery On Nissan Key Fob

Applications Of Lithium Ion Batteries

Lithium ion batteries are available in various shapes and sizes. They therefore are ideal for meeting the power needs of any system regardless of its size and nature. Some most prominent applications of Lithium ion batteries are

  • Power Backups/ Emergency Power/ UPS: Lithium-ion battery provides instant backup power in case of emergency and allows us to safely shut down or keep the vital equipments running during the emergency situation. These batteries are widely used in computers, communication and medical technology.
  • Solar Power Storage Units: Lithium ion batteries are best suitable for storing power at a solar power unit because these batteries charge very quickly, maximizing the solar power storage potential and allowing us to extract the highest possible power from the sun.
  • As a Portable Power Source: In consumer electronic goods today all our electronic gadgets like mobile phones, bluetooth speakers laptops, digital cameras, flashlight etc are all powered by rechargeable lithium ion batteries which allows us to use these gadgets freely anywhere and everywhere.
  • Electric automobiles/ Mobility: Vehicular emission of fossil fuels is a prominent reason for increasing environmental pollution. Lithium ion battery powered vehicles reduce considerable amounts of pollution and in this way reduces our carbon footprint.

Also read this article on Renewable Energy and Non-renewable Energy

Similar Articles Being Viewed By Others

This is how a Lithium Ion Battery Works. ~ Electrical Engineering Pics

Carousel with three slides shown at a time. Use the Previous and Next buttons to navigate three slides at a time, or the slide dot buttons at the end to jump three slides at a time.

volume 11, Article number: 6279

It would be unwise to assume conventional lithium-ion batteries are approaching the end of their era and so we discuss current strategies to improve the current and next generation systems, where a holistic approach will be needed to unlock higher energy density while also maintaining lifetime and safety. We end by briefly reviewing areas where fundamental science advances will be needed to enable revolutionary new battery systems.

While some advances were serendipitous, most were the result of extensive and global research efforts, leading to a highly optimised system fit for many purposes. Consequently, our current commercial systems contain materials that are operating with energy densities operating increasingly closer to their fundamental limits, i.e., further lithium removal from the cathode results in irreversible structural transformations or oxygen loss, while on the anode no vacancies in the lattice remain to accommodate more Li ions. The separators and current collectors are becoming thinner, and batteries are being pushed to higher voltages via surface coatings, electrolyte additives, and morphology optimisation.

Recommended Reading: Changing Nissan Key Fob Battery

It Makes Charging Easier

Charge your Apple lithium-ion battery whenever you want. Theres no need to let it discharge 100% before recharging. Apple lithium-ion batteries work in charge cycles. You complete one charge cycle when youve used an amount that equals 100% of your batterys capacity but not necessarily all from one charge. For instance, you might use 75% of your batterys capacity one day, then recharge it fully overnight. If you use 25% the next day, you will have discharged a total of 100%, and the two days will add up to one charge cycle. It could take several days to complete a cycle. The capacity of any type of battery will diminish after a certain amount of recharging. With lithium-ion batteries, the capacity diminishes slightly with each complete charge cycle. Apple lithium-ion batteries are designed to hold at least 80% of their original capacity for a high number of charge cycles, which varies depending on the product.

Do Teslas Use Lithium Batteries

Tesla is changing the battery cell chemistry that it uses in its standard range vehicles, the automaker said Wednesday in its third-quarter investor deck. The new batteries will use a lithium-iron-phosphate chemistry rather than nickel-cobalt-aluminum which Tesla will continue to use in its longer-range vehicles.

Don’t Miss: Replacing Battery In Smoke Detector

Reliable And Lightweight Marine Performance

Mixing water and electricity provides the potential for numerous problems. Lithium batteries let you focus on the fun of being on the water, not on the worry of whether your marine motor starts at the end of a long day.

Upgrading your boat to a long-lasting rechargeable lithium battery gives you years of reliable motor starts at a fraction of the weight of a traditional lead-acid battery.

Whether you need to power a small trolling motor, or power all of the conveniences of home on a yacht, lithium batteries are capable and dependable.

What Is A Lithium

How a Lithium Ion Battery Actually Works // Photorealistic // 16 Month Project

Lithium-ion is the most popular rechargeable battery chemistry used today. Lithium-ion batteries power the devices we use every day, like our mobile phones and electric vehicles.

Lithium-ion batteries consist of single or multiple lithium-ion cells, along with a protective circuit board. They are referred to as batteries once the cell, or cells, are installed inside a device with the protective circuit board.

You May Like: Best Battery Stocks For 2021

Safety And Environmental Hazards Of The Li

Despite its widespread use and energy-efficient storage, the Li-Ion battery isnt perfect it can be a safety hazard if produced, used, and stored improperly. Because the battery contains flammable electrolytes, Li-Ion batteries have a tendency to become pressurized to the point of exploding should they sustain any structural damage. When charged too quickly, Li-Ion batteries can also run the risk of short-circuiting and causing an explosion.

Because of this, and because of its widespread use in most commercial products, the safety standards and safety testing of Li-Ion batteries is much more stringent than other types of batteries. The flammable electrolytes present in Li-Ion batteries means that improper production can lead to often disastrous results.

Li-Ion batteries are also susceptible to damage when charged beyond their voltage limits. Normally, a Li-Ion battery has a voltage range of between 2.5 and 3.65 volts . Exceeding this voltage due to improper charging can lead to a premature aging of the batterys cells, which, at best, means the battery stores energy less efficiently, or at worst, causes the reactive components in the cells to explode.

When stored for too long, Li-Ion batteries can also degrade prematurely, which means it wont be able to reach its normal voltage range when finally used. This poses a risk because it runs the chances of being overcharged despite the user following package instructions for charging.

The Cathodes Used In Lithium

Lithium cobalt oxide

The most common lithium-ion cells have an anode of carbon and a cathode of lithium cobalt oxide . In fact, the lithium cobalt oxide battery was the first lithium-ion battery to be developed from the pioneering work of R Yazami and J Goodenough, and sold by Sony in 1991. The cobalt and oxygen bond together to form layers of octahedral cobalt oxide structures, separated by sheets of lithium. Its important that this structure allows the cobalt ions to change their valence states between Co+3 and Co+4 when charging and discharging.

Of all the various lithium-ion batteries, these guys have the greatest energy density, which is why theyre currently the batteries found in our phones, digital cameras and laptops. Their drawback is their thermal instability. Their anodes can overheat and, at high temperatures, the cobalt oxide cathode can decompose, producing oxygen. If you combine oxygen and heat, youve got a pretty good chance of starting a fire and, as the chemicals sometimes used in the electrolyte solution, such as diethyl carbonate, are flammable, there can be some safety issues with this battery.

Also Check: Mophie Powerstation Pro Xl Battery

How To Dispose Of Household Batteries

Getting Rid of Single-Use Batteries

Single-use batteries, of any size, are some of the most common household batteries. Single-use batteries can be found throughout the home in a variety of sizes including AA, AAA, 9V, D-cell and others. These are the batteries inside your TV remotes, flashlights, childrens toys and other small electronics. If the battery is not rechargeable, it falls into this category.

Can single-use batteries be thrown in the trash?

Yes, single-use batteries are now made of common metals deemed non-hazardous by the federal government and can be disposed of in your regular trash in all states except California, where it is illegal to throw away all types of batteries. Prior to 1996, single-use batteries contained mercury and were treated as hazardous waste. One exception is a button cell battery found in a watch, which is hazardous and should be disposed of like a rechargeable battery.

Can single-use batteries be recycled?

Yes, it is possible to recycle single-use batteries, but there is a fee associated with recycling them in most cases.

Its important to remember that every battery can be recycled, turned into a secondary commodity and have a productive life beyond powering our favorite devices. Melissa Kelley | Director, Marketing Communications at Battery Solutions

How to recycle single-use batteries:

Do All Types Of Batteries Use Lithium

Beyond Li

No, not all batteries use lithium. Lithium batteries are relatively new and are becoming increasingly popular in replacing existing battery technologies.

One of the long-time standards in batteries, especially in motor vehicles, is lead-acid deep-cycle batteries. Lithium has quickly gained ground in this market in recent years, but lead-acid is still the primary choice in gas-powered motor vehicles due to the low upfront cost.

Additionally, the most common types of off-the-shelf batteries found in stores are alkaline batteries. Most of the AA and AAA batteries in use today are alkaline batteries that use zinc and manganese dioxide for the chemical reaction to store energy.

Before rechargeable lithium batteries gained popularity, most rechargeable batteries were nickel-cadmium . NiCad batteries use nickel oxide hydroxide and metallic cadmium as electrode materials. While not entirely obsolete yet, NiCad batteries are becoming less popular as lithium batteries take over the rechargeable battery market.

Read Also: Car Won’t Start Battery Is Good

The Seven Top Uses For Rechargeable Lithium

Lithium batteries have a long list of real-world applications beyond running the apps on your phone. From life-saving medical equipment to luxury yachts, lithium batteries keep both the essentials and the comforts of modern life running with safety and reliability.

Here are the top uses for rechargeable lithium batteries from facilitating daily activities to providing essential emergency support:

What Are The Pros And Cons Of Lithium Ion Batteries

Lithium ion batteries can store more energy and produce energy at a greater output. They can also power equipment and gadgets for longer periods. The main drawback of lithium ion batteries is that theyre more expensive upfront. Lead acid batteries are less expensive, and they dont require much maintenance.

Recommended Reading: How Long Does 20 Percent Battery Last On Iphone

Related Posts

Surface Pro 8 Battery Life

Microsoft Surface...

Iphone 13 Pro Max Battery Life Hours

Understanding Iphone...